Corporate Governance

Risk Management

Risk Management

The task of risk management is to identify, manage and track the major risks in the Group's business and business environment to enable the Group to achieve its strategic adn financial goals in the best possible way. The Group's management board is responsible for risk management.

Tecnotree’s general annual assessments of external risks assessed by the Management Board define the biggest risks. These assessments are made by evaluating the probability and the impact of the different risks, and based on this a risk map is comprised. Actions and a person in charge are defined for each significant risk. The most significant risks have been described in the Board of Directors’ Report. The Board approves the significant principles of risk management.

Sufficiency of funds has been one of the significant risks in the company. The district court of Espoo decided on 9 March 2015 to commence the corporate restructuring proceedings concerning Tecnotree Corporation in accordance with the Act on Restructuring of Enterprises. Consequently, the company has executed separate evaluations, control actions and plans.

Corporate governance is implemented through documented policies. The main policies are policy for making sales agreements, credit policy, cash management policy, policy for hedging against currency risks, policy for making purchase agreements and approval policy.

A big part of the risks is related to sales. These risks can be mitigated by reviewing offers systematically. Tecnotree has uniform principles and practices in bid reviews.

The subsidiaries and foreign offices of the parent company have issued guidelines and policies for their own specific purposes that are in line with the Group level policies. The company has defined its Code of Conduct.

The Group’s financial management is responsible for managing foreign exchange, interest rate and liquidity risks and for taking out insurance against operational risks.

The Management Board handles risks and risk management in its meetings on a regular basis. The CEO reports these to the Board of Directors.

The risks pertaining to the financial reporting are mitigated by the methods in financial reporting and control of the group. Majority of the sales transactions are at the parent company level, common chart of accounts and IFRS principles applied, common systems with comprehensive database, centralised treasury and financing, and an easy-to access archive for contracts and policies.

Internal control

The objective of the internal control and reporting methods is to ensure that the company's operations are efficient, and that information is reliable, and that official regulations and internal operating principles are followed. The Group's management is responsible for performing and guiding the internal control.

Financial reporting process

The company mainly uses a common finance system for its financial reporting, and the information in this system for the different companies can also be viewed at head office. Similarly, where necessary the parent company accounts can also be examined at the other offices. Group reporting is performed using a separate system on a monthly basis. Actual figures are compared to the budget, and at the highest level also to the previous forecast. Major deviations are looked into.

The main control activities include preparing up-to-date forecasts, analysing deviations in actual data versus forecast and previous periods, performing transaction and process level controls and internal audits. The company does not have an own internal auditor The Finance department in HQ is responsible for control activities.

Annual budgets are prepared and detailed targets set based on the strategic plans in the October-December period. A preliminary budget proposal is presented to the Board of Directors in November and the final budget is drawn up based on the feedback received, and this is examined at the Board meeting in December. It also includes plans of action. These are then used as the basis for defining individual targets for each person.

The operating result forecast is updated and presented at the monthly Board meeting. Monthly reporting shows the latest forecast for the period that has ended, the actual figure and the forecast for the following period. Forecasts for sales, revenues to be recognised and cash flow are examined on a monthly basis or more often, if needed, region by region in telephone conferences. The forecasts are graded in different categories according to their probability, and this information is used by the management board to decide on the forecast to be presented to the Board.

The Group’s financial management together with the relevant levels of management prevents, discovers and corrects deviations and possible errors in the monthly reporting. Tecnotree has a separate policy for revenue recognition. Line organisation is responsible for budgets and forecasts. The role of Group’s financial management is to collect these plans according to accepted timetables and to control their reliability. Substantial deviations and possible errors with corrective actions are reported to the Board of Directors.

The Group’s financial department performs controls pertaining to the correctness of external and internal reporting. Due to the nature of business a lot of emphasis is put into controlling revenue recognition and receivables.